Four Ontario Horses Positive for Strangles

The horses live in the Regional Municipality of Halton and Bruce County.

Four horses in Ontario, located in the Regional Municipality of Halton and Bruce County, are positive for strangles, and two additional cases are suspected.
Four horses in Ontario, located in the Regional Municipality of Halton and Bruce County, are positive for strangles, and two additional cases are suspected. | Wikimedia Commons

Four horses in Ontario have been confirmed positive for strangles, and two additional cases are suspected. The horses live in the Regional Municipality of Halton and Bruce County. 

In the Regional Municipality of Halton, a 19-year-old Warmblood gelding was confirmed positive on October 25 after developing a unilateral nasal discharge around October 14. The pasture mate, who was not showing clinical signs, was also confirmed positive. A third horse has developed submandibular lymph node abscessation. All three horses are in isolation. 

In Bruce County, three horses developed nasal discharge, and two of the three developed submandibular lymph node enlargement. Two horses tested positive for S. equi on bacterial culture on October 27. The horses are under voluntary quarantine. 

EDCC Health Watch is an Equine Network marketing program that utilizes information from the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC) to create and disseminate verified equine disease reports. The EDCC is an independent nonprofit organization that is supported by industry donations in order to provide open access to infectious disease information.

About Strangles

Strangles in horses is an infection caused by Streptococcus equi subspecies equi and spread through direct contact with other equids or contaminated surfaces. Horses that aren’t showing clinical signs can harbor and spread the bacteria, and recovered horses remain contagious for at least six weeks, with the potential to cause outbreaks long-term.

Infected horses can exhibit a variety of clinical signs:

  • Fever
  • Swollen and/or abscessed lymph nodes
  • Nasal discharge
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Muscle swelling
  • Difficulty swallowing

Veterinarians diagnose horses using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing with either a nasal swab, wash, or an abscess sample, and they treat most cases based on clinical signs, implementing antibiotics for severe cases. Overuse of antibiotics can prevent an infected horse from developing immunity. Most horses make a full recovery in three to four weeks.

A vaccine is available but not always effective. Biosecurity measures of quarantining new horses at a facility and maintaining high standards of hygiene and disinfecting surfaces can help lower the risk of outbreak or contain one when it occurs.

Brought to you by Boehringer Ingelheim, The Art of the Horse
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